Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has rejected a US call for an immediate ceasefire in northern Syria. Mr Erdogan’s comments come ahead of a visit to Turkey by the US vice-president and US secretary of state.
Turkey launched an offensive designed to drive away Kurdish troops after their main ally, the US, pulled out. Russia, which backs Syria, has said it prevents clashes between Turkish and Syrian forces which have now moved into the area after a deal with the Kurds.
Turkey considers elements of the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) a terrorist organization and wants to push them away from the border area.
Ankara also says it wants to create a “safe zone” reaching about 30km (20 miles) into Syria to resettle up to two million Syrian refugees currently in Turkey.
However, Syrian forces – which are backed by Russia – advanced north at the weekend following a deal with the Kurds to try to hold back the Turkish operation.
Critics of the Trump administration say the withdrawal of US troops from the region gave Turkey a “green light” for the offensive.
The US has repeatedly denied this, and on Monday Washington announced sanctions on Turkish ministries and senior government officials.
Dozens of civilians have been killed in the operation so far and at least 160,000 have fled the area, according to the UN.
On Tuesday, the medical charity Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) said it had “taken the difficult decision to suspend the majority of its activities and evacuate all its international staff from north-east Syria”.
“They are pressuring us to stop the operation. They are announcing sanctions. Our goal is clear. We are not worried about any sanctions,” the president added.
President Vladimir Putin has discussed the situation with Mr Erdogan in a phone call and invited him to Russia for a working visit “in the coming days”, the Kremlin announced on Wednesday.
Mr Erdogan is also expected to meet US Vice-President Mike Pence and US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo in the Turkish capital, Ankara, on Thursday.
Mr Pence on Monday warned that the US sanctions against Turkey would worsen “unless and until Turkey embraces an immediate ceasefire” and negotiates a long-term settlement on the border.
US President Donald Trump has faced mounting pressure to take action against Turkey a key Nato partner – including from Republicans usually loyal to his administration.
Syrian government forces on Tuesday entered the strategic town of Manbij, inside the area where Turkey wants to create its “safe zone”.
Meanwhile, Turkish troops and pro-Turkish, anti-government fighters had also been gathering near Manbij.
Over the past two years, hundreds of US troops have visibly patrolled the strategic town, but they left earlier this week.
On Tuesday, Russia – a key ally of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad – said its forces were patrolling along the “line of contact” between Syrian and Turkish forces.
Moscow describes the Turkish offensive as “unacceptable”. On Tuesday, President Erdogan and his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin discussed the issue in a phone call.
For now, Syrian forces have not been deployed between Tal Abyad and Ras al-Ain, where Turkey has focused its efforts.
Kurdish-led forces have been a key ally of the US in the fight against the Islamic State (IS) group in Syria.
They described the US withdrawal, which preceded Turkish action, as a “stab in the back”.
There are fears the destabilisation could lead to a resurgence of so-called Islamic State (IS), as thousands of former fighters and their relatives are being detained in northern Syria.
Hundreds of IS family members are said to have already escaped from one camp.
Analysts say that apart from fighting IS, the Kurds were fundamental to the US in limiting the influence of rivals Russia and Iran and keeping some leverage on the ground.